Auschwitz-Birkenau – Memorial & Museum

Auschwitz-Birkenau – Memorial & Museum

„Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it.”
– George Santayana

Auschwitz-Birkenau (1940-1945) was the largest of Nazi Germany’s concentration camps. The number of people killed in the camp is estimated at 1.1 million. Most of those deported and killed there were Jews.

Under no circumstances can the Auschwitz concentration camp be considered only as a “tourist attraction”. It is a place of memory – a symbol of suffering and genocide, a tragedy that happened 70 years ago.

Auschwitz-Birkenau Tour will deepen your historical knowledge and understanding of the Holocaust.

Auschwitz I, the main camp was established on the grounds of the abandoned Polish army barracks. Initially, they were constructed to hold Polish political prisoners.  Block 11, otherwise known as ‘The Death Block’ was the administrative centre of the camp and a place, where Father Maximilian Kolbe, the Polish priest, starved to death. The first experimental gassing with Zyklon B took place at Auschwitz I. Another concentration camp – Auschwitz II Birkenau – was established on behalf of Himmler, head  of the German Police (Gestapo), within the Nazi Germany’s plan of extermination of whole the Jewish population in Nazi-occupied Europe through genocide. (The Final Solution to the Jewish Question). Auschwitz Birkenau was converted to the Death Factory in which more than a million people was murdered.

On January 27, 1945, the Soviet army entered Auschwitz and liberated the concentration camps.

The Museum is not dedicated to children under the age of 14. On the grounds of the Museum, visitors should behave with the appropriate solemnity and respect, and dress in a manner befitting a place of this nature.

 

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near Auschwitz-Birkenau
The Principality of Pless episode